Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (5 January 1928 – 4 April 1979) was the 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977, and the 4th President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973. He was the founder of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP)— the largest and most influential political party in Pakistan— and served as its chairman until his execution in 1979 in what many observers note a politically motivated charges of murder. His eldest daughter, Benazir Bhutto, would also serve as Prime minister, while his son Murtaza Bhutto, served as member of Parliament of Pakistan.

Educated at the University of California, Berkeley in the United States and the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom, Bhutto was noted for his progressive economic initiatives, industrialization, education, energy and foreign policy, and his intellectualism. In addition to national security issues, Bhutto promoted his policies on the nationalization, health care, and social reforms. Under his premiership, Pakistan’s Parliament gave approval and passed unanimously the 1973 Constitution of Pakistan, a supreme law that provides a parliamentary system to Pakistan, strengthened the Sino-Pak and Saudi-Pak relations, recognition of East-Pakistan as Bangladesh, and hosted the second Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) in 1974 where he delegated and invited leaders from the Muslim world to Lahore, Punjab Province of Pakistan. In July 1972, Bhutto successfully proceeded the Shimla treaty, signed with Indira Gandhi of India, brought 93,000 Prisoners of War back to Pakistan, and secured 5,000 sq mi (13,000 km2) held by India. In January 20 of 1972, weeks after the Indo-Pakistani 1971 winter war, Bhutto orchestrated, authorized, and administrated the scientific research on nuclear weapons; for this, he is colloquially known in the world as “Father of the Pakistan’s nuclear deterrent programme”.

A serious secessionist and rebellious conflict occurred in Balochistan province in 1973, calling for independence from Pakistan. In response, Bhutto ordered Pakistan Armed Forces an armed action, which was quelled by the Pakistan Armed Forces successfully in 1978. Bhutto and his party won the parliamentary elections held in 1977. However, in a successful coup d’état led by General Zia-ul-Haq under codename Operation Fair Play; Bhutto was removed from the office and was held in Central Jail Rawalpindi (CJR) as General Zia-ul-Haq proclaimed himself as Chief Martial Law Administrator of Pakistan. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was executed in 1979 after the Supreme Court of Pakistan controversially sentenced him to death for authorizing the murder of a political opponent, in a move that many believe was done under the directives of General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq.

Bhuttos in News

300 Lyari youth to get IT training 21 Nov 2014
KARACHI: On the directive of Chief Minister Sindh Qaim Ali Shah, 300 youth of Lyari would be given free IT training as well as transport and scholarship during the course to inform them about modern system. The course would be organized by Benazir Bhutto Shaheed Human Resource and Development Board (BBSHRDB) in National Institute of […]
300 SU students get laptops under PM scheme 21 Nov 2014
  JAMSHORO : Sindh University (SU) Jamshoro distributed laptops among 300 students of MS, MPhil and PhD on Friday, which were provided by the Higher Education Commission (HEC) as part of the Prime Ministers Laptop Scheme in the 2nd phase. Vice-Chancellor Prof Dr Imdad Ali Ismaili and Director Institute of Business Administration Dr Imamuddin Khoso […]
SU exams to start from Dec 3 21 Nov 2014
JAMSHORO : The 2nd semester examinations at University of Sindh (SU) Jamshoro and all its campuses will start from 3 December 2014. According to a press statement issued here on Friday, Controller of Examinations Muhammad Ali Roshan Pathan informed that the 2nd semester examinations at SU Jamshoro and its campuses, Elsa Kazi Campus (Old Campus) […]
Plan set for women participation in Lahore moot: Sharmila 21 Nov 2014
KARACHI : Special Assistant to CM Sindh for Culture & Tourism and Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) Sindh Information Secretary, Sharmila Faruqui, said on Friday that a party meeting had discussed the organizational matters and formulated an strategy regarding women wing participation in upcoming convention in Lahore. The meeting of the executive committee of PPP women […]
PNF dismisses Sindh Nursing Council Bill 20 Nov 2014
KARACHI : Pakistan Nursing Forum (PNF) on Thursday staged a protest demonstration outside Karachi Press Club against approval of Sindh Nursing Council Bill in Sindh Assembly and said that the decision would destroy the nursing education in the Sindh province. A large number of nursing students carrying placards and banners inscribed with different slogans like; […]
60 primary and middle schools non-functional in Larkana 20 Nov 2014
LARKANA : As many as 60 boys and girls primary and middle schools are either closed or non-functional in entire Larkana district, according to Alif Ailan survey. Alif Ailan coordinator Junaid Dahar told PPI that he sent an email to the Sindh Education Minister and Secretary attaching the list of these schools and photographs showing […]
Arrangements for observing BB’s death anniversary reviewed 20 Nov 2014
LARKANA : A meeting was presided over by the Larkana Division Commissioner, Dr Saeed Mangnejo, here on Thursday in which arrangements for observing 7th death anniversary of slain PPP chairperson Benazir Bhutto were discussed. The meeting was attended by all relevant officers of the division, including DIG Police, Larkana range, Saeen Rakhiyo Mirani, deputy commissioners, […]
Devolution necessary for federation: Rabbani 19 Nov 2014
KARACHI : “Our country now cannot be run on centralized system. If devolution of power is tried to roll back then the federation itself would not remain in function,” said Senator Raza Rabbani on Wednesday. The senator said the local government system devised by the ex-president Pervaiz Musharraf was a centralized system in which administrations […]
Sindh Assembly passes five bills related to healthcare sector 19 Nov 2014
  KARACHI,  Sindh Assembly here Wednesday passed five important bills related to the vital healthcare sector. All these five bills were the government bills tabled by Sindh minister for parliamentary affairs Dr Siknadar Ali Mandhro and considered at once on the request of the mover, by relaxing all the rules. These bills included Bill 20/2014 […]
Demo held against management cadre in education deptt 17 Nov 2014
NAUNDERO : On the call of Government Secondary Teachers Association (GSTA), around 5000 male and female teachers staged a sit-in outside Bhutto mausoleum in Garhi Khuda Bux near here on Monday against the introduction of Management Cadre in Education Department by Secretary, Fazalullah Pechuho. The protesters were also joined by All Pakistan Clerks Association (APCA), […]
Bilawal condoles death of PPP leader 16 Nov 2014
  KARACHI, Chairperson Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) Bilawal Bhutto Zardari has condoled the death of PPP Multan President and former MPA Khursheed Ahmed Khan and paid tributes to his services the party and sacrifices for the democratic struggle. In a press release, Bilawal prayed to Almighty Allah to grant eternal peace to the departed soul […]
Two TTP suspects remanded to jail custody 15 Nov 2014
  KARACHI,  An Anti-terrorism Court-I (ATC-I) on Saturday remanded two suspects, Muhammad Abid and Jamshed, to jail custody till 28 November 2014 in an explosive materials case. Police produced the accused before the ATC judge under tight security. The Investigation Officer submitted before the court that both the accused were no more required for investigation. […]
PPP delegation calls on Afghan President 15 Nov 2014
Islamabad ,A five-member PPP delegation led by opposition leader in the Senate Aitzaz Ahsan called on the visiting Afghan President Ashraf Ghani in Islamabad on Saturday. The other members of delegation included former federal minister ambassador Sherry Rehman, provincial party president Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Khanzada Khan, former deputy Speaker Faisal Karim Kundi and Senator Farhatullah Babar. […]
Pagara thanked for support to provincial status of Bahawalpur 14 Nov 2014
  Bahawalpur : Bahawalpur National Awami Party Chairman Nawab Salahuddin Abbasi has thankedPresident Pakistan Muslim League (Functional) Pir Sahib Pagara for supporting the demand of the restoration of the former provincial status of Bahawalpur. Talking to newsmen on telephone from Islamabad, he said that 12.5 million inhabitants of Bahawalpur region had been deprived of their genuine […]

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